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Dr Archik - Best Orthopedic Surgeon/Doctors Clinic In Mumbai
No one really gets to realize how important a role the bones and limbs play in one’s life until and unless one requires fracture treatment or trauma surgery. It is painful to say the least and unfortunately, the modern lifestyle we are leading has exposed every person, irrespective of their age group, to such injuries. Problems in joints have become common and road accidents are on the rise. Nevertheless, if you are in Mumbai, expert treatment is readily available at Dr.Archik’s Orthopedic Care Clinic as it is one of the finest orthopedic Clinics/Hospitals/Center Mumbai has to offer.
This fractures care clinic run by Dr. Shreedhar Archik offers trauma treatment, joint replacement, spine surgery and almost all kinds of surgeries that have got anything to do with joints or bones. Dr. Sreedhar comes armed with years of experience and expertise and this is why, when you have a query about best Orthopedic Doctors/surgeon Mumbai, you can trust him without any second thoughts. The most relaxing thing about the clinic is that it brings the best of technology and personal touch to the patient and thus, one need not worry about getting hasty or thoughtless diagnosis.
Whether you are searching for orthopedic surgery Mumbai or knee replacement surgery Mumbai, you can be assured of getting treated at a world-class facility center. Even the sensitive surgery cases related to old patients get the most sophisticated and gentle treatment at the hands of Dr. Shreedhar Archik. Last but not the least, the most sensitive trauma surgeries that scare people are also dealt with utmost care and accuracy. So, you will not have to bother looking for joint Doctors Hospitals/Clinics Mumbai finding an efficient hip replacement doctors/surgeon as your search for the best stops at Dr. Archik’s Orthopedic Care Clinic.
He is a very amiable person and gives reasonable time to understand the problem. His diagonisis is very precise, I am happy with the treatment.
The doctor is an expert in his field and his behavior is also very good and polite. Would recommend as one of the best orthopedics
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Meet Our Hospitals
35, Dr.Borges Road, Next to Kem Hospital, Hospital Avenue, Opp.Shirodkar High School,Parel, Mumbai- 400012
Tel: 022 – 67670101 / 8879688660
Time: 11a.m.to 12 p.m. Only Saturdays – by Prior Appointment
Health Library: Orthopedic Conditions
Health Library : Orthopedic Conditions
Orthopedic conditions, pain and injuries can affect different parts of the body or the body as a whole. Browse Muir Orthopeadics’ icare Health Library to learn about muschloskeletal anatomy, injuries, conditions, and care.
For each condition you will learn detailed information about the causes, signs and symptoms you might experience and how a diagnosis can be made.
Need treatment information ? Visit services section to learn about services and treatment options.
General Orthopedic Conditions
Fractures & Broken Bones.
Sprains & Strains.
Joint Pain : Osteochondritis Dissecans.
Polymyositis Degenerative Disorder.
Foot & Ankle Conditions
Achilles Tendon Injuries.
Ankle Ganglion Cysts
Diabetic Neuropathy (Diabetic Foot).
Hammertoe, Claw Toe, & Mallet Toe.
Chronic Knee Paint.
Knee Ligament Injuries & Tears.
Osteochondritis Dissecans in the Knee.
Hand & Wrist Conditions
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
Hand & Wrist Ganglion Cysts
Hand & Wrist Arthritis
Hand & Wrist Nerve Damage
Ostenonecrosis (Avascular Necrosis)
Spin, Back & Neck Conditions
Pinched Nerve (Radiculopathy)
Spondylolisthesis (Slipped Vertebra)
Scoliosis (Curvature of the Spine)
Neck Pain : Cervical Stenosis
Neck Pain : Degenerative Disc Disease
Degenerative Disc Disease
Shoulder Joint Separation
Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
Rotator Cuff Tear
Shoulder SLAP Tear
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
Little League Elbow (Pitcher’s Elbow)
General Orthopedic Conditions
There are several orthopedic conditions and injuries that can affect different parts of the body.
View the information below to learn about orthopedic musculoskeletal injuries, conditions, and care.
For each condition you will learn detailed information about the causes, what signs and symptoms you might experience, how a diagnosis can be made and recommended treatment.
Fractures & Broken Bones
Causes, symptoms & treatment for fractures, or broken bones, caused by a fall, blow or other traumatic event.
Sprains (ligament injuries) & strains (muscle tendon injuries) causes symptoms & treatment. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and tenderness.
Causes, symptoms & treatment of tendonitis, and inflammation of the tendon, which frequently occurs in heels, knees, shoulders, wrists and elbows.
Joint Pain : Osteochondritis Dissecans
Joint pain caused by osteochondritis dissecans usually affects the knee, but can also be seen in ankles, hips, shoulders & elbows.
Causes, symptoms & treatment of common types of arthritis, including Osteo, Rheumatoid, Gout, Psoriatic, Septic, and Post-Traumatic Arthritis, & Lupus.
Causes, symptoms & treatment of bursitis, an inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs between tendons & muscles or bones in the hip, elbow or shoulder.
Polymyositis Degenerative Disorder
Causes, symptoms & treatment of polymyositis, an autoimmune disorder that causes degeneration of the muscles in the shoulders, neck, arms and hips.
Fractures & Broken Bones
Fractures & broken bones at a glance
• A fracture is a break in a bone caused by force from a fall, blow, or other traumatic event.
• Symptoms of a fracture include swelling over the injured bone, limb deformity, and pain.
• An open fracture occurs when the broken bone protrudes through the skin, and increases the risk of developing an infection in the wound or bone.
• Conditions like osteoporosis or cancer may weaken the bones, increasing the likeliness of fractures, even with minimal force. These are called pathologic fractures.
• Treatment for a fractured bone depends on the location and severity of the injury. In most cases, immobilization using a cast or splint will be necessary to allow the bone to heal.
Causes of fractures & broken bones
Fractures typically occur as a result of falls, blows, or other types of trauma.
If a patient has a medical condition like osteoporosis or cancer that weakens the bones, pathologic fractures may occur even when very little force is applied to the bone.
Symptoms of fractures & broken bones
The main symptoms of a broken bone are intense pain, swelling, and deformity of the affected body part. Depending on which part of the body is injured, there may also be a loss of function at the site of the broken bone. It is important to have a broken bone examined by a physician or orthopedic specialist.
Types of fractures
There are many different types of fractures, each with corresponding symptoms.
In a closed fracture, the bone is broken but the skin remains intact, while in an open fracture, the broken bone sticks out of the skin.
In a displaced fracture, the bone is broken into two or more misaligned pieces. If the bone is shattered, it is known as a comminuted fracture.
A non-displaced fracture involves a break in the bone without the loss of proper alignment.
Children whose bones are still developing are prone to certain types of fractures.
Greenstick fractures are incomplete fractures where the bone bends instead of breaking.
Stress fractures, or hairline fractures, are another type of injury that is typically caused by repetitive force placed on bones through increased physical activity. Symptoms of a stress fracture include pain, swelling, and tenderness that increase with activity and decrease with rest.
Treatment for fractures & broken bones
See a doctor as soon as possible in the event of a fractured bone. X-rays or MR is may be necessary to determine the extent of the fracture and the necessary course of treatment.
In most cases, the broken bones will be immobilized using a splint or cast, often for several weeks. Some types of fractures will require surgery to repair the damaged bone.
Pins, screws, and other hardware may be necessary to stabilize the broken pieces of a bone.
If you have a broken bone or possible fracture, contract us to schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists to get started on treatment as soon as possible.
Sprains & Strains
Sprains & strains at a glance :
• Injuries to the ligaments and tendons are known as sprains and strains.
• Sprains (ligament injuries) affect the joints, and occur when there is damage or trauma to the tissue that connects two bones.
• Strains (tendon injuries) affect the muscles, and are caused by damage or trauma to the fiber that connects muscle to bone.
• Both sprains and strains are ranked by three degrees of severity : slight tear, incomplete or partial tear, and severe tear or rupture.
• Symptoms of these ligament and tendon injuries include pain, swelling, and tenderness. In a sprain, there may also be a feeling of instability in the joint. In a strain, the pain may worsen when the joint is used.
• Initial treatment should include the RICE protocol.
Causes of sprains & strains
Sprains and strains can be caused by any sudden motion or fall that puts intense stress on a muscle or joint. Extreme twisting, slipping and falling, and sports activities are common causes of sprains and strains.
Sprains occur most frequently in the ankle, while strains most often occur in the lower back or the hamstring. Everyday tasks can also cause sprains or strains, such as walking on an uneven surface or lifting a heavy object.
Symptoms of sprains & strains Sprain
Sprain symptoms include :
• Pain and stiffness
• Redness and increase in skin temperature
Strain symptoms include :
• Sharp pain
• Difficulty putting weight on injured limb
• Decreased range of motion of the injured joint
Consult a orthopedic physician if :
• Symptoms do not improve in two to three days
• A popping sound is heard during the injury or when the joint is moved
• It is impossible to move the injured limb or joint
• The bones in the injured joint are misaligned
• It is difficult to walk or move after an injury to the back
• Additional symptoms include numbness, significant swelling, fever, or open wounds.
Treatment of sprains & strains
Initial treatment for both sprains and strains includes the RICE protocol : rest, applying ice, compressing the injured joint or limb with an elastic bandage, and elevating the injured area. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medicine like ibuprofen can help reduce the pain and swelling.
In more severe injuries, immobilizing the injured area with a cast or splint may be necessary to allow the limb or joint to rest. Surgery to repair severely torn or damaged ligaments or tendons may be necessary in third-degree injuries, such an ACL tear.
Contact us to schedule an appointment with one of our specialists to begin treatment for a recent sprain or strain.
Tendonitis at a glance
• Tendonitis (also known as tendinitis) is inflammation of the tendon (the fibrous cord of tissue that connects muscle to bone).
• Tendonitis frequently occurs in the heels, knees, shoulders, wrists, and elbows.
• Tendonitis is caused by the stress put on the tendons from repetitive motions.
• Symptoms of tendonitis typically include pain, stiffness, tenderness, and mild swelling around the tendon and surrounding area.
• Treatment for tendonitis usually includes the RICE protocol (rest, ice, compression, and elevation of the injured area,) along with over-the- counter anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen or aspirin.
Causes of tendonitis
Tendonitis most often occurs when repetitive motions put excessive stress on the tendons, causing them to become inflamed. Whether a person is participating in sports like skiing or tennis, or hobbies like gardening or painting, repetitive movements can cause tendonitis to develop over time. Office work activities are another frequent cause of tendonitis.
The likelihood of developing tendonitis increases with age because the tendons lose their elasticity over time. People who increase the intensity of their exercise without proper stretching or conditioning are also more likely to develop tendonitis.
Tendonitis may also be caused by a sudden injury, or by stresses from other conditions like arthritis, gout, or thyroid disorders.
Symptoms of tendonitis
Typical symptoms of tendonitis include
• Pain or tenderness near the joint, sometimes described as a dull ache • Stiffness
• Mild swelling
The pain associated with tendonitis may develop over time, or be sudden and severe.
In most cases, the symptoms of tendonitis will go away in seven to ten days with rest and home care. However, if left untreated, the symptoms of tendonitis may worsen and become chronic.
Treatment of tendonitis
Tendonitis often responds well to home treatment. The RICE protocol – rest, ice, compression, and elevation of the affected joint – will help relieve the pain and swelling, as will over-the-counter pain medication.
A physician may recommend corticosteroid injections to reduce pain and inflammation, although this treatment must be used infrequently to avoid weakening the tendon and making it more prone to rupture.
Physical therapy exercises can help to stretch and strengthen the affected tendon and muscle. Learning the correct technique for sports activities or adjusting the arrangement of the workspace may help minimize the amount of stress placed on the tendons.
In serve cases of tendonitis that do not respond to other treatments, surgery may be necessary.
If you are experiencing pain or other symptoms associated with tendonitis, contact us to schedule an appointment with one of the providers at Dr. Shreedhar Archik to learn about your treatment options.
Joint Pain : Osteochondritis Dissecans
Osteochondritis dissecans at a glance
• Osteochondritis dissecans occurs when a piece of bone or cartilage (or both) inside a joint loses blood supply and dies. This causes a piece of the cartilage, and usually a thin layer of bone beneath it, to separate and sometimes fall into the joint space.
• Osteochondritis dissecans more often affects the knee but can also be seen in the ankles, hips, shoulders and elbows. This condition often affects younger people involved in sports or similar high-level activities.
• Osteochondritis dissecans is caused by a reduced blood flow to the joint, but can also be caused by overuse or injury.
• Symptoms commonly include pain, swelling, and problems moving the affected joint.
• Treatment may include resting and bracing the joint, or surgery for more severe cases.
Causes of osteochondritis dissecans joint pain
Osteochondritis dissecans is caused by a reduced blood flow to the end of a bone in a joint. This commonly follows an injury and can affect the knee, ankle, hip, shoulder, and elbow joints.
Repeated injury or overuse – particularly activities involving the end of two bones in a joint to repeatedly be jammed together and damaged – may also cause osteochondritis dissecans.
Symptoms of osteochondritis dissecans joint pain
Osteochondritis dissecans may not cause symptoms if the piece of cartilage or bone is only fractured and does not move from its original position. However, fractures or the cartilage or bone becoming separated can cause :
• Pain, especially with activity
• Swelling in the affected joint
• Joint weakness or instability\
• Stiffness after inactivity
• Inability to fully extend the arm or leg
The joint may retain excess fluid, and if the piece of cartilage or bone becomes lodged in the joint space, the joint may begin sticking or locking and produce a clicking or grating sound. Additionally, arthritis can develop at the point of injury, which can contribute to pain in the joint.
See an orthopedic doctor if you experience persistent pain, swelling or inability to move the joint.
Treatment of osteochondritis dissecans joint pain
If the affected segment of bone remains attached in position (a fracture), rest and over-the-counter pain medications may be the only treatment necessary to heal an osteochondritis dissecans injury.
The joint should be braced during activities, although sports activities should generally be avoided for up to eight weeks while the injury heals. Physical therapy may be recommended to slowly increase range of motion in the joint following injury, as well as strengthen the muscles that support the joint.
However, if the separated piece of cartilage and bone becomes detached, surgery may be necessary to repair the injury or remove fragments from the moving parts of the point.
If you are experience pain and symptoms of Osteochondritis dissecans, contact us to request an appointment with one of our orthopedists in the Mumbai area.
Arthritis at a glance
• Arthritis is a long-lasting inflammation of the joints that can lead to joint and tissue damage.
• There are over 100 types of arthritis, but the most common are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout.
• Symptoms of arthritis can vary, but generally include swelling, pain, and stiffness in the affected joint.
• Osteoarthritis can be caused by the wear-and-tear on joints that occurs with aging, obesity, and repetitive stress.
• Causes of rheumatoid arthritis are still unknown although genetics may play a role.
• Gout is caused by too much uric acid in the blood, which creates hard crystals in the big toe joint.
• There are a number of treatment options that can help reduce pain and increase joint mobility. Treatment plans for arthritis include a combination of exercise, hot and/or cold compresses, joint braces, walking aids, medication, and, in some cases, surgery.
What is arthritis ?
Arthritis is a long-lasting inflammation of the joints that can lead to joint and tissue damage. There are more than 100 types of arthritis that can affect different parts of the body, such as the ankle or hand & wrist.
If you are experiencing pain associated with one of these forms of arthritis, contact us to request an appointment with our orthopedic specialists to learn about your treatment options.
Common types of arthritis treated at Dr. Shreedhar Archik
Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease, is the most common form of arthritis, affecting nearly 27 million Americans. This disease occurs when the cartilage in a joint begins to break down or wear away with age or repetitive stress, causing pain and swelling from the bones rubbing together.
Causes of osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is often caused by the normal wear-and-tear of aging, but can also be related to obesity, joint overuse, and injuries. People who already have rheumatoid arthritis are also more likely to develop osteoarthritis, as are those with a family history of the disease.
Symptoms of osteoarthritis
Other symptoms of osteoarthritis include soreness and stiffness when moving after being at rest, and bone enlargement in the finger joints.
Treatment of osteoarthritis
Self-care for osteoarthritis includes maintaining a healthy diet and exercise program, applying hot or cold compresses, using canes or other support devices, and taking medication to relieve the pain and swelling.
If necessary, a health care provider may recommend physical therapy, removing joint fluid, or injecting medication into the affected joint.
If other treatment options have not provided relief, surgery may be necessary.
Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that causes joints on both sides of the body (for example, both knees) to develop chronic redness, swelling, and pain. Rheumatoid arthritis commonly affects hands, wrists, or knees, but also can impact the heart, lungs, blood, nerves, eyes, or skin.
While rheumatoid arthritis can affect children and the elderly, it most commonly develops in middle-age people, and about 75 percent of rheumatoid arthritis sufferers are women.
Causes of rheumatoid arthritis
Doctors have not yet determined what causes rheumatoid arthritis. Current theories suggest that exposure to bacteria or a virus may trigger the immune system to attack the joints. Although it is suspected that one or more genes may make people more susceptible to that immune response, more research is necessary.
Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis
Symptoms include stiffness, pain, and swelling in several joints. Fatigue, fever, and weight loss may also occur. Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis may be worse after periods of inactivity.
Some patients may develop rheumatoid nodules – firm bumps under the skin near the joints.
Rheumatoid arthritis can develop quickly or occur more gradually over several years. For some people, the disease may go into remission for periods of time. Rheumatoid arthritis can also cause joint deformities.
Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis includes medication to relieve pain and suppress the immune system.
In addition, people with rheumatoid arthritis may be advised to rest their joints during a flare-up, but remain physically active when the inflammation of the joints is lessened. This will help maintain the range of motion in the affected joints and to strengthen the muscles that support them.
Surgery may be necessary for severe joint damage or pain that cannot be controlled by medication.
Gout is a type of arthritis caused by too much uric acid (UA) in the body, which can form hard crystals in joints.
Causes of gout
Factors that increase a person’s risk of developing gout include eating a diet heavy in chemicals called purines, found in meat and seafood. Drinking too much alcohol, taking diuretics, or being overweight can also lead to gout.
Symptoms of gout
A gout attack is characterized by sudden pain, redness, swelling, and stiffness, usually in the large joint of the big toe. Gout can also occur in foot, ankle, or knee. Pain from an attack may last for several days or weeks.
It may be months or years before another attack occurs, but you should consult a health care provider even if the pain has gone away. Excess UA can cause damage to joints even without symptoms.
Treatment of gout
Treatment for gout includes medication and corticosteroid injections. Rest and over-the-counter anti-inflammatories like Advil or Aleve can some pain relief. People with gout should not take aspirin, because it can raise UA levels, making the symptoms worse.
Dietary changes may also help manage gout, particularly lessening meat, seafood, and alcohol consumption.
Psoriatic arthritisis a type of arthritis that can affect people with a skin condition called psoriasis. Five types of psoriatic arthritis exist, each with different characteristic symptoms.
Causes of psoriatic arthritis
Psoriatic arthritis may be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. In people with psoriasis, those who develop nail lesions have an increased likelihood of developing psoriatic arthritis.
Treatment of psoriatic arthritis
While there is currently no cure for psoriatic arthritis, treatment may include anti-inflammatory drugs or other types of medication to suppress the immune system.
Applying heat or ice may help reduce pain, as well as resting in between activities to combat fatigue. A healthy diet and low-impact exercise plan may also help reduce the symptoms of psoriatic arthritis.
Septic arthritis is a bacterial or fungal infection that causes damage to a joint.
Causes of septic arthritis
Septic arthritis can occur if an infection in another part of the body travels through the bloodstream to a joint. It is also possible for surgery, injections, or puncture wounds to cause bacteria to enter a joint and cause septic arthritis.
Symptoms of septic arthritis
Symptoms of septic arthritis include severe pain and swelling. The affected joint may also be warm to the touch.
Children may experience extra symptoms including a general feeling of illness or discomfort, irritability, lack of appetite, and a fast heartbeat.
Treatment of septic arthritis
Treatment for septic arthritis includes antibiotics and draining the infected fluid inside the affected joint (synovial fluid).
Post-traumatic arthritisoccurs in a joint that has had a physical trauma or injury in the past.
Causes of post-traumatic arthritis
Injuries experienced during military service, sports, car accidents, or falls can damage the bone or cartilage in a joint, making it more likely to deteriorate. If a joint is re-injured, or if the patient is overweight, the joint and/or cartilage may wear out more quickly.
Symptoms of post-traumatic arthritis
Symptoms of post-traumatic arthritis typically include pain, swelling, difficulty using the affected joint, and the accumulation of fluid in the joint.
Treatment of post-traumatic arthritis
Self-care for post-traumatic arthritis includes anti-inflammatory medicine, weight loss, and low impact exercise.
In addition, a health care provider may recommend injections of cortisone or artificial joint fluid (Hylamers). If these measures do not provide relief, surgery to clean out, reconstruct, or replace the affected joint surfaces may be necessary.
Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes the body to attack its own tissues and organs. Lupus causes inflammation throughout many systems in the body, including the brain, kidneys, joints, skin, heart, lungs, and blood cells.
Causes of lupus
In most cases, the cause of lupus is still unknovm. Doctors believe that a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental triggers can cause lupus to develop.
For some patients, exposure to sunlight can cause lupus skin lesions or other symptoms. Certain types of medication can also cause lupus to occur, but it usually goes away when the medication is discontinued.
Symptoms of lupus
Symptoms of lupus are often similar to those of other conditions or diseases. Like many forms of arthritis, lupus may cause flare-ups of symptoms that come and go. Lupus symptoms can develop over time or occur suddenly.
Common signs of lupus include
• A red, butterfly-shaped facial rash across the nose and cheeks
• Joint pain and swelling
• Skin lesions with sun exposure
• Fingers and toes that turn white or blue (Raynaud’s disease)
• Memory loss and/or confusion
• Chest pain and/or shortness of breath
• Dry eyes
Treatment of lupus
Because the symptoms of lupus are different in each patient, consult with your doctor to determine the best course of treatment for you.
Common types of medication used to treat lupus include anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, immune suppressants, and antimalarial drugs. It may be necessary to adjust the dosage or type of medication as the symptoms evolve through flare-ups and remissions.
Bursitis at a glance
• Bursitis occurs when the fluid-filled sacs between tendons and muscles or bones (bursae) become inflamed.
• Bursitis is most commonly found in the hip elbow and shoulder but can also develop in the foot and heel (near the Achilles tendon) or in the knee.
• Bursitis is typically caused by repetitive strenuous activity such as manual labor, heavy lifting, or sports activity.
• Symptoms of bursitis are pain, swelling, tenderness and inflammation.
• Home treatment for bursitis typically includes rest, icing the area, and over-the-counter anti-inflammatories like Advil or Aleve.
Causes of bursitis
Bursae help to reduce friction and allow joints to move through their full range of motion. Bursitis occurs when a joint is injured or kept under pressure due to overuse and the bursae become inflamed.
Wear and tear from aging also contributes the development of bursitis, which is common in adults over age 40.
People whose work requires manual labor like heavy lifting, long shifts, or repetitive motion are more likely to develop bursitis. Sports that involve frequent running, throwing, and jumping “such as tennis or baseball” can also lead to bursitis over time.
Conversely, sedentary people who suddenly increase their activity level may also experience bursitis.
Symptoms of bursitis
Bursitis symptoms commonly include pain and stiffness in the affected joint. The area may also be red and warm to the touch. The joint and surrounding area commonly feel tender and painful when touched or pressed.
With rest and treatment, the symptoms of bursitis usually disappear. Unfortunately, recurring flare-ups of bursitis are common.
Contact a health care provider if you are experiencing :
• Severe, disabling pain
• Pain that lasts more than a week or two
• Shooting or sharp pain
• Rash or bruising
• Extreme swelling or redness
Treatment of bursitis
Treatment for bursitis includes rest, over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen, and ice packs applied to be the site of the bursitis pain.
A corticosteroid injection in the affected bursae may help to reduce swelling. If the pain and swelling becomes severe, your physician may remove some fluid from the bursa or recommend surgical removal.
Contact us to request an appointment with on of our orthopedists to learn more about
your treatment options if you are experiencing pain symptoms associated with bursitis.
Polymyositis Degenerative Disorder
Polymyositis at a glance
• Polymyositis is a systemic disorder that causes inflammation of the connective tissues in the body. Over time, polymyositis causes
degeneration of the muscles in the shoulders neck, arms and hips.
• The cause of polymyositis is unknown. Researchers believe it may be a type of autoimmune disorder in which the body attacks its own tissues.
• Symptoms include fatigue, difficulty speaking or swallowing, and muscle weakness that worsens over time.
• Treatment includes corticosteroids and other medications that suppress the immune system, as well as speech and physical therapy.
Causes of polymyositis
Scientists have not yet discovered the precise cause of polymyositis. Many of the characteristics of polymyositis are similar to other autoimmune inflammatory diseases (in autoimmune diseases, the antibodies that normally fight against foreign substances, like bacteria or viruses, attack the tissues of the body instead).
Polymyositis is most common among adults aged 30-50, and women are more likely than men to develop polymyositis.
Symptoms of polymyositis
Polymyositis affects the muscles of the shoulders, upper arms, upper back, neck, and hips, making them weak and tender. Polymyositis can also cause problems with the heart, lungs, and muscles that regulate breathing.
The symptoms of polymyositis develop over several weeks or months, gradually becoming more severe. Symptoms may also change over the course of weeks or months.
Typical symptoms include
• Progressive muscle weakness that occurs on both sides of the body symmetrically (for example, in both shoulders).
• Difficulty swallowing or speaking
• Shortness of breath
As the symptoms of polymyositis worsen, it may become difficult to raise your head when lying down, or to stand up from a seated position.
Treatment for polymyositis
With several years of treatment, it may be possible for the symptoms of polymyositis to be significantly reduced or eliminated. Treatment for polymyositis will focus on reducing the symptoms of the condition and improving muscle functionality. When treated early, treatment is usually very effective at reducing the symptoms of polymyositis.
Initial treatment will likely include immunosuppressant medication, such as corticosteroids like prednisone, to reduce the inflammation of the muscles. Other treatment options include different types of immunosuppressive therapies or medications, and experimental biological therapies.
Physical therapy exercises can help you maintain muscle strength, flexibility, and functionality. Speech therapy can also be useful for those who have difficulty swallowing or speaking. As the disease progresses, it may be necessary to consult with a registered dietician to learn how to modify your diet to make foods easier to chew and swallow.